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How Teaching Became Women's Work


A majority of teachers around the world are women -- why? Cristen and Caroline chart the feminization of the teaching profession and how gender at the front of the classroom affects student learning.

Episode sources:

"A Brief History of Teacher Professionalism" by Diane Ravitch. White House Conference on Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers. http://www2.ed.gov/admins/tchrqual/learn/preparingteachersconference/ravitch.html

"For girls, teachers' gender matters, study says" Sarah D. Spark. Jan. 23, 2013. Education Week. http://thenotebook.org/blog/135536/girls-teachers-gender-matters-study-says

"LGBT Teachers Forced Back in the Closet" by David Artavia. Aug. 23, 2013. The Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/youth/2013/08/23/lgbt-teachers-forced-back-closet

"Only a Teacher - Teaching Timeline." PBS. http://www.pbs.org/onlyateacher/timeline.html

"School: The Story of American Education." PBS. http://www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/photo_gallery/photo4.html

"Study: Teacher's Gender Affects Learning" by Ben Feller. Aug. 27, 2006. The Associated Press. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/27/AR2006082700273_pf.html

"The Chicago Strike and the History of American Teachers' Unions" by Dana Goldstein. September 2012. http://www.danagoldstein.net/dana_goldstein/2012/09/the-chicago-strike-and-the-history-of-american-teachers-unions.html

"The Feminization of Teaching in America" by Elizabeth Boyle. MIT Program in Women's & Gender Studies. http://web.mit.edu/wgs/prize/eb04.html

"The glass ceiling of education: why are so few women becoming head teachers?" by Holly Welham. Feb. 12, 2014. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/teacher-blog/2014/feb/12/women-headteachers-education-glass-ceiling-careers

"Victorian Britain: Children at School." BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/victorian_britain/children_at_school/

Academic insights:

"Classroom Interactions: Gender of Teacher, Gender of Student, and Classroom Subject" by Jim Duffy, Kelly Warren and Margaret Walsh. November 2001. Sex Roles. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1014892408105

"Does the gender of the teacher matter in the teaching of reading literacy? Teacher gender and pupil attainment in reading literacy in Hong Kong" by Y. H. Raymond Lam et al. May 2010. Teaching and Teacher Education. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0742051X0900208X

"Motivating Boys and Motivating Girls: Does Teacher Gender Really Make a Difference?" by Andrew Martin and Herb Marsh. November 2005. The Australian Journal of Education. http://aed.sagepub.com/content/49/3/320.short

"Unmasking the Myth of the Same-Sex Teacher Advantage" by Martin Neugebauer, Marcel Helbig and Andreas Landdmann. April 2010. European Sociological Review. http://esr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2010/07/20/esr.jcq038.abstract

Topics in this Podcast: Teachers, Learning, education, classroom, pink collar jobs, best of 2014 workplace