Movers, shakers, and women's history-makers born in August. ©Interim Archives/Getty Images Maria Mitchell, America's first female professional astronomer and the discoverer and namesake of Miss Mitchell's Comet. Courtesy: Doctor Electric Henrietta Lacks, namesake of the "immortal" HeLa cell line. ©Getty Images Maggie Kuhn, activist and found of the Gray Panthers, an organization that brought national attention to age discrimination and the needs of senior citizens. Courtesy: The Grindstone Martha Stewart, domestic empress and and one of America's first female self-made billionaires. ©ERIC FEFERBERG/AFP/Getty Images Lolo Jones, U.S. track and field and bobsledding star. ©Gene Lester/Getty Images Lucille Ball, legendary comedienne. © Hulton Archive/Getty Images Mata Hari, Dutch spy and dancer who was executed on suspicions of treason. ©Hulton Archive/Getty Images Esther Williams, American swimmer and starlet best-known for the "Million Dollar Mermaid." ©Gilles Petard/Redferns/Getty Images Ronnie Spector, lead sing of the Ronettes known as the "original bad girl of rock 'n' roll." Courtesy: i-concepts Katharine Lee Bates, author of "America the Beautiful" whose poem "Goody Santa Claus" brought Mrs. Santa Clause into popular lore. Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons Lucy Stone, abolitionist and early women's rights advocate. Courtesy: Deviant Art Anney Oakley, wild West gunslinger and performer. Courtesy: Vintage Seven Sisters Eva Dykes, the first African-American woman to earn a PhD. ©Bachrach/Getty Images Julia Child, culinary saint of French cooking. ©BRIAN BAHR/AFP/Getty Images Carol Moseley Braun, the first African-American woman elected to the U.S. Senate. ©Michael Putland/Getty Images Madonna. ©Getty Images Mae West, groundbreaking film actress and the highest-paid woman in Hollywood in the late 1930s. Courtesy: Photobucket Hazel Bishop, chemist and inventor of "kiss-proof" lipstick who became the first woman featured on Business Week magazine. ©Getty Images Vijaya Lakshmi Nehru Pandit, Indian diplomat and the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly. © Ron Galella/WireImage/Getty Images Rosalynn Carter, First Lady from 1977 to 1981, mental health advocate and global humanitarian. ©Getty Images/Dirck Halstead/Liaison Connie Chung, journalist and the first Asian and second woman to anchor a nightly new program. © New York Times Co./Getty Images Dorothy Parker, American poet, writer, satirist and critic. ©Harold Clements/Express/Getty Images Althea Gibson, the first black tennis player to play a major tournament, win the French Open, Wimbledon and U.S. Open. ©Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone/Getty Images Peggy Guggenheim, renown art collector. ©Tim Graham/Getty Images Mother Teresa, missionary and Nobel Peace Prize winner. ©PhotoQuest/Getty Images Geraldine Ferraro, the first woman to run for U.S. Vice President in 1984. ©JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images Rita Dove, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and the first African-American and youngest person ever named U.S. Poet Laureate. Courtesy: Chacha Antonia C. Novello, the first Latina U.S. Surgeon General. ©Jason Merritt/Getty Images Temple Grandin, doctor of animal scientist and autism activist. Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons Mary Shelley, novelist and author of "Frankenstein." ©Kurt Hutton/Picture Post/Getty Images Maria Montessori, Italian educationist and founder of the Montessori Schools.