Is modest hottest?

Since ancient times, women have been advised to cover up in order to protect their dignity. More recently, a so-called "modesty movement" has gotten underway, and Cristen and Caroline undress how the "modest is hottest" message ultimately strips agency from women and men alike.

Episode sources:

"Dress Code Discrimination: Different Figure, Different Rules?" by Kristen Houghton. Dec. 30, 2011.

"Enforcing School Dress Codes Teaches Girls to be Ashamed, Not 'Modest'" by Jessica Valenti. Alternet. May 21, 2014.

"Female bodies as "distracting": Another quick thought on dress codes & sexism" by Jessica Valenti. Jessica 2012.

"Fuck the Patriarchy" by Clare Haettinger. Wine & Marble. May 12, 2014.

"Girls Gone Mild? A New Modesty Movement" by Jennie Yabroff. Newsweek. July 22, 2007.

"Hemlines Down, Self-Esteem Up: The New Modesty Movement Continues" by Kristi York Wooten. Huffington Post. May 11, 2011.

"Is there a Different Office Dress Code for Curvy Women?" The Root. June 10, 2010.

"Modern Girls and the Modesty Movement." NPR. Aug. 23, 2007.

"Sex, Lies, and Visual Stimulation: Debunking the Myths About Men" by Zawn Villines. Good Therapy. Feb. 17, 2013.

"The false modesty movement" by Anne K. Ream. Los Angeles Times. Aug. 21, 2007.

"The Great Cover-Up" by Shia Tarrant. Bitch. 2007.

"University of Texas Nursing School Quickly Pulls Sign Warning Women Not to Show Cleavage" by Tyler Kingkade. Huffington Post. June 04, 2014.

"Yearbook That Photoshopped Girls' Clothing to Be More Modest Allowed Boys to Appear Shirtless" by Tara Culp-Ressler. ThinkProgress. June 05, 2014.

Academic insights:

"Habituation of male sexual arousal: effects of attentional focus" by E. Koukounas and R. Over. Biological Psychology. 2001.

"Let Modesty Be Her Rainment: The Classical Context of Ancient-Christian Veiling" by Tahmina Tariq. Implicit Religion. 2013.

"Sex-Specific Content Preferences for Visual Sexual Stimuli" by Heather A. Rupp and Kim Wallen. Archives of Sexual Behavior. November 2007.

Topics in this Podcast: sex, Beauty, sex differences, cleavage, modesty, rape culture, best of 2014 body image