Mothers of Invention


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Until recently, invention and patenting have been guy things, though not for women's lack of innovation. Cristen and Caroline discover the American history of women inventors and why the patent gender gap has been so challenging to close.

Episode Sources:

"Why do women inventors hold so few patents?" http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/07/the-patent-gap/492065/

"Patent filings by women have risen the fastest in academia, IU study finds" http://news.indiana.edu/releases/iu/2015/07/women-patents.shtml

"The reporting gap on the patent gender gap" http://cacm.acm.org/news/164776-the-reporting-gap-on-the-patent-gender-gap/fulltext

"The tampon of the future" http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/03/opinion/sunday/the-tampon-of-the-future.html

"Meet Mary Kies, America's first woman to become a patent holder" http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/meet-mary-kies-americas-first-woman-become-patent-holder-180959008/?no-ist

"First women inventors" http://www.womenhistoryblog.com/2016/01/first-women-inventors.html

"Women far behind in patent awards" http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2006/08/women-far-behind-in-patent-awards/

"And woman created ..." https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/jan/23/gender.uk

"The evolution of wind shield wipers -- a patent history" http://www.ipwatchdog.com/2014/11/09/the-evolution-of-wind-shield-wipers-a-patent-history/id=52085/

"What are patents, trademarks, servicemarks and copyrights?" https://www.uspto.gov/patents-getting-started/general-information-concerning-patents#heading-2

"The history of patents" http://ip-science.thomsonreuters.com/support/patents/patinf/patentfaqs/history/

"Bayh-Dole Act" https://www.autm.net/advocacy-topics/government-issues/bayh-dole-act/

Academic Insights:

"The gender patenting gap." Jessica Milli et al. Institute for Women's Policy Research. July 2016. http://iwpr.org/publications/pubs/the-gender-patenting-gap/

"Women inventors in America." B. Zorina Khan. The Democratization of Invention: Patents and Copyrights in American Economic Development, 1790-1920. Cambridge University Press, 2005. http://www.bowdoin.edu/faculty/b/bkhan/pdf/democratization-of-invention/chapter5.pdf

"Mothers and Daughters of Invention: Notes for a Revised History of Technology." Autumn Stanley. Rutgers University Press, 1995. https://books.google.com/books?id=uRJt7QqA7GEC&dq