The Trouble With Thyroids


Thyroid disorders are eight times more likely to affect women. Cristen and Caroline break down how thyroids function -- and malfunction -- and why these "meat butterflies" are such a female pain in the neck.

Episode sources:

"Thyroid Diseases" by MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/thyroiddiseases.html

"Hyperthyroidism." Updated Nov. 04, 2011. WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/hyperthyroidism-topic-overview

"Hypothyroidism." Updated July 16, 2010. WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/hypothyroidism-topic-overview

"Graves' disease" by Mayo Clinic Staff. July 07, 2011. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/graves-disease/basics/definition/con-20025811

"Hashimoto's disease" by Mayo Clinic Staff. Jan. 02, 2014. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hashimotos-disease/basics/definition/con-20030293

"Women Suffer from Thyroid Disease More Than Men" by Jennifer Wider. Jan. 13, 2005. Society for Women's Health Research. http://www.womenshealthresearch.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5362&news_iv_ctrl=0&abbr=press_

"Anxiety Disorder or Hyperthyroidism?" by Michael J. Formica. Dec. 12, 2011. Psychology Today. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/enlightened-living/201112/anxiety-disorder-or-hyperthyroidism

"Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy." 2012. The American Thyroid Association. http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Thyroid_Dis_Pregnancy_broch.pdf

"The Truth About the Thyroid" by John Hastings. January 2009. Oprah Magazine. http://www.oprah.com/health/The-Truth-About-the-Thyroid-and-Weight-Gain

Academic Insights:

"Worldwide Increasing Incidence of Thyroid Cancer -- Update on Epidemiology and Risk Factors" by Gabriella Pellegriti et al. 2013. Journal of Cancer Epidemiology. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jce/2013/965212/

"The association between depression and thyroid disorders in a regionally representative Canadian sample" by Esme Fuller-Thomson, Jasmik Saini and Sarah Brennenstuhl. March 2012. Health & Medicine. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?sid=fc1654b7-c2ea-484a-87c3-197fe80fb6af%40sessionmgr4005&vid=1&hid=4103&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=c9h&AN=73983029

"Serum TSH, T4, and Thyroid Antibodies in the United States Population (1988 to 1994): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHAES III)" by Joseph G. Hollowell et al. July 02, 2013. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. http://press.endocrine.org/doi/abs/10.1210/jcem.87.2.8182

"Gender is an age-specific effect modifier for papillary cancers of the thyroid gland" by Briseis A. Kilfoy et al. April 2009. http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/18/4/1092.short

"Women with bipolar disorder -- Findings from the NIMH Genetics Initiative sample" by Mary C. Biehar et al. 1998. Psychopharmacology Bulletin. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1998-12957-002

"Thyroid autoimmunity and female gender" by Chiovato, L. et al. 1993. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation. European PubMed Central. http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/8320432/reload=0;jsessionid=KzLP4tGk5NQVhkNzEi1s.0

"Is Hashimoto's Thyroiditis a Risk Factor for Papillary Thyroid Cancer?" by Daniel Repplinger et al. November 2008. Journal of Surgical Research. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022480407005926

Topics in this Podcast: women's health, Medicine, thyroid, best of 2014 health