Women's War with Heroin


Spencer Platt/Getty Images Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Heroin is more popular among suburban, white women than ever before. Cristen and Caroline trace the source of America's heroin epidemic, its particular risk and implications for women and how whiteness has influenced law enforcement's approach to crackdowns.

Episode Sources:

"27 people suffer heroin overdoses in small West Virginia town in just four hours" http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/heroin-deaths-virginia-27-overdoses-in-4-hours-huntington-city-fairfax-county-a7197476.html

"DrugFacts: Heroin" https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin

"These maps show how dangerous illegal drugs flow around the globe" http://www.businessinsider.com/maps-of-global-drug-cocaine-heroin-use-2016-6

"Heroin overdose deaths in the United States (chart)" https://www.graphiq.com/vlp/3I8PjIm6Wyh

"The new face of heroin" http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/the-new-face-of-heroin-20140403

"In heroin crisis, white families seek gentler war on drugs" http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/31/us/heroin-war-on-drugs-parents.html?_r=0

"Women and prescription drugs: The gender gap tightens" http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-sack-md/prescription-drug-abuse_b_3756121.html

"America's typical heroin user is now a white woman in the suburbs" http://www.theverge.com/2014/5/28/5758552/heroin-user-demographics-young-white-adults

"Why more women are turning to heroin" http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/07/women-heroin/397922/

"Heroin use surges, especially among women and whites" http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/07/07/420874860/heroin-use-surges-especially-among-women-and-whites

"The LGBTQ community and addiction" https://www.addictioncenter.com/addiction/lgbtq/

"Choosing treatment for pregnant women addicted to opioids" http://www.drugfree.org/news-service/choosing-treatment-for-pregnant-women-addicted-to-opioids/

"Heroin's hold: Heart of Iowa offers long-term rehabilitation for women and children" http://www.thegazette.com/subject/news/health/heroins-hold-heart-of-iowa-offers-long-term-rehabilitation-for-women-and-children-20160604

"The states sending pregnant addicts to jail, not rehab" http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/08/12/do-pregnant-drug-addicts-deserve-punishment-or-treatment.html

"Michael Botticelli is a drug czar who knows addiction firsthand" http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/26/us/michael-botticelli-is-a-drug-czar-who-knows-addiction-firsthand.html?_r=0

"Study explains why people use heroin" http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20111019/news/710199933/

Academic Insights:

"Gender sameness and difference in recovery from heroin dependence: A qualitative exploration." Joanne Neale et al. The International Journal of Drug Policy. Vol. 25, Iss. 1. Pages 3-12. January 2014. http://www.ijdp.org/article/S0955-3959(13)00126-6/fulltext

"Women in drug treatment: What the latest figures reveal." NHS, National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse. March 2010. http://www.nta.nhs.uk/uploads/ntawomenintreatment22march2010.pdf

"Relationships between trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, dissociative symptoms, and lifetime heroin use among individuals who abuse substances in residential treatment." E. Gail Horton et al. Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling. Vol. 29. April 2009. http://www.biblioteca.cij.gob.mx/Archivos/Materiales_de_consulta/Drogas_de_Abuso/Articulos/37569974.pdf

"Post-traumatic stress disorder among people with heroin dependence in the Australian treatment outcome study (ATOS): Prevalence and correlates." KL Mills et al. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Vol. 77, No. 3. Pages 243-249. March 2005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15734224

"Vital signs: Demographic and substance use trends among heroin users -- United States, 2002-2013." Christopher M. Jones et al. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Vol. 64, No. 26. Pages 719-725. July 10, 2015. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6426a3.htm?s_cid=mm6426a3_w