A White, Marmorean Flock


Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Why did an exceptional group of ex-patriot, 19th-century female sculptors become known as a "white, marmorean flock"? Cristen and Caroline discuss their artistic sojourns to Italy and what it meant to be a female sculptor at that time.

Episode Sources:

"'The White, Marmorean Flock': 19th Century Lady Sculptors in Rome" http://the-toast.net/2014/11/21/white-marmorean-flock-19th-century-lady-sculptors-rome/view-all/

"American Neoclassical Sculptors Abroad" http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ambl/hd_ambl.htm

"Daphne, 1853" http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1973.133

"Vinnie Ream" http://www.aoc.gov/capitol-hill/artists/vinnie-ream

"Edmonia Lewis" http://www.edmonialewis.com/

Academic Insights:

"Mapping the 'White, Marmorean Flock': Anne Whitney Abroad, 1867-1868." Jacqueline Marie Musacchio. Digital Humanities and Art History. 2014. http://www.19thc-artworldwide.org/index.php/autumn14/musacchio-anne-whitney-abroad

'The White, Marmorean Flock." Margaret Farrand Thorp. The New England Quarterly. June 1959. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/362550?sid=21106292779743&uid=3739912&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256

"Hawthorne's Ghost in Henry James's Italy: Sculptural Form, Romantic Narrative and the Function of Sexuality in the Nineteenth Century." John Carlos Rowe. The New American Studies. 2002. https://books.google.com/books?id=j_u_lktIRDoC&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&dq=Hawthorne%27s+Ghost+in+Henry+James%27s+Italy:+Sculptural+Form,+Romantic+Narrative,+and+the+Function+of+Sexuality&source=bl&ots=hjULjdAG4V&sig=2YQk16atxko45sJiNeI6A13v34s&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RfjwVIzhH4jngwS_5YHQCQ&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Hawthorne's%20Ghost%20in%20Henry%20James's%20Italy%3A%20Sculptural%20Form%2C%20Romantic%20Narrative%2C%20and%20the%20Function%20of%20Sexuality&f=false

"Harriet Hosmer: A Cultural Biography." Kate Culkin. 2010. http://www.amazon.com/Harriet-Hosmer-A-Cultural-Biography/dp/1558498397

"Child of the Fire: Mary Edmonia Lewis and the Problem of Art History's Black and Indian Subject." Kirsten Pai Buick. 2010. http://www.amazon.com/Child-Fire-Edmonia-Problem-History/dp/0822342669

"Networking in Italy: Charlotte Cushman and 'The White, Marmorean Flock.'" Sara Foose Parrott. Women's Studies: An Inter-disciplinary Journal. July 2010. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00497878.1988.9978707?journalCode=gwst20#.VRll-PnF-PU

"The 'Ghosting' of Incest and Female Relations in Harriet Hosmer's 'Beatrice Cenci.'" Vivien Green Fryd. April 2014. The Art Bulletin. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00043079.2006.10786291?journalCode=rcab20#.VRlmTvnF-PU