Silver Screen Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images Silver Screen Collection/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Evil women and villainesses are the spice of pop culture life. Cristen and Caroline mine the dark side for what Ursula, Catwoman, Cersei and other mavens of immorality can tell us about how we view real-world women.

Episode Sources:

"The 13 most badass female villains in pop culture"

"Beautiful baddies: The ultimate female villains"

"In defense of villainesses"

"Why do all the best movie villains have to be men?"

"It's time for Hollywood to embrace the female super villain"

"4 reasons we need more female supervillains in our lives"

"On female villains, or the lack thereof"

"'Iron Man 3' director says female villain was cut over toy sale concerns"

"Why are old women often the face of evil in fairy tales and folklore?"

"Horror cinema and the female villain: The perpetuation of female victimisation"

Academic Insights:

"Batman's female foes: The gender war in Gotham City." Shannon Austin. The Journal of Popular Culture. Vol. 48, Iss. 2. April 2015.

"The Romantic, silent villain: The minimalist construction of patriarchal villainy in John Le Carre's Karla trilogy." Sara Martin. 2009.

"Perceptions of female offenders: How stereotypes and social norms affect criminal justice responses." Brenda Russell. Springer Science & Business Media. 2012.